Female Reproductive System Terminology, Diseases and Conditions
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The female reproductive system consists of the following: vulva which is the female external genitalia, labia majora, labia minora, the labia are the outer lips of the vagina and the vulva is the whole thing together from the outside, vaginal orifice, urethral orifice, hymen which is a layer that ruptures when a female has intercourse for the first time, the clitoris which is a small structure that gets hard upon erection in women, Bartholin’s glands on both sides of the vagina that produce fluid, the ovaries which are the female gonads and there are two of those. The product of the ovaries is the ova. The activities of the ovaries are controlled by the pituitary and ovarian hormones. The ovaries use chemical feedback to balance.
The female reproductive system also includes the fallopian tubes, the uterus or womb which is shaped like a pear and has three parts the endometrium or inside lining of the uterus, the myometrium which is the muscle mass of the uterus, and the peritoneum which is the outer layer of the uterus, the vagina, mammary glands, menstruation every 28 days is the shedding of the lining of the uterus, menarche is the onset of periods or the onset of puberty, menopause is the cessation of menstruation, copulation is sexual intercourse and pregnancy is nine months of gestation divided into three trimesters.
An ectopic pregnancy is when the fertilized baby is in the tubes and the baby ruptures. Menorrhagia is heavy bleeding in women. Females can have tumors of the reproductive organs, ovarian cysts, fibroids, fibrocystic disease, and malignant tumors of the breast. A monthly breast self-examination includes inspecting the breasts for nodules and this is done right after the woman’s period as it is less painful after your period to do a breast self-examination.
Overall in males and females urinary tract infections are more common in the elderly as they are not as thirsty as younger people, they don’t have the same sensations in their genitourinary tract as younger people and in females there is a short urethra that is prone to infection.
By Angel Bean